Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH), also known as prostate gland enlargement, is a common condition that affects men as they age. It is a type of benign prostatic hyperplasia known as benign prostatic hypertrophy or benign prostatic obstruction.
As a man gets older, his prostate goes through two significant growth periods. The first occurs when the prostate doubles in size during puberty. The second stage of development begins around the age of 25 and lasts for the rest of a man’s life. During the second growth phase, it is common.
The prostate gland presses against and pinches the urethra as it grows larger. As a result, the bladder’s wall thickens. As a result, the bladder may eventually weaken and lose its ability to empty, leaving some urine in the bladder. Urinary retention and urethral narrowing cause many problems associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia (the inability to empty the bladder).
The exact problem of benign prostatic hyperplasia is unknown; however, it is more common in older men. Men who had their testicles eliminated before pubescence are probably not going to foster this issue. As a result, some researchers believe that it is caused by factors related to ageing and the testicles.
Males and females produce hormones testosterone and estrogen throughout their lives. However, the amount of active testosterone in men’s blood decreases as they age, leaving a higher proportion of estrogen in their blood. According to scientific studies, benign prostatic hyperplasia occurs when the prostate’s estrogen level rises, stimulating the growth of prostate cells.
Another theory revolves around dihydrotestosterone (DHT), a male hormone that helps the prostate develop and grow. According to some studies, older men continue to produce and accumulate high levels of DHT in the prostate despite lower blood testosterone levels. This build-up of DHT may encourage prostate cells to proliferate. According to studies, men who do not produce DHT do not develop benign prostatic hyperplasia.
It can lead to a variety of complications.
These complications do not occur in the majority of men with benign prostatic hyperplasia. Kidney damage, in particular, poses a severe health risk when it happens.
The following are some of the treatment options:
The severity of symptoms, how much the traits affect a man’s daily life, and preferences affect how treated benign prostatic hyperplasia is treated.
Men with a mildly enlarged prostate may not require treatment unless their symptoms are bothersome and affect their quality of life. In these cases, a urologist may recommend regular checkups rather than a cure. However, a urologist will most likely recommend treatment if the symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia become bothersome or pose a health risk.
Eating, diet, and nutrition do not play a role in developing or preventing benign prostatic hyperplasia. Therefore, men should consult with a health care provider or a dietitian to determine the best diet. On the other hand, a health care provider can provide information on how changes in eating, diet, or nutrition may aid in treatment.