What is Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia?

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH), also known as prostate gland enlargement, is a common condition that affects men as they age. It is a type of benign prostatic hyperplasia known as benign prostatic hypertrophy or benign prostatic obstruction.

As a man gets older, his prostate goes through two significant growth periods. The first occurs when the prostate doubles in size during puberty. The second stage of development begins around the age of 25 and lasts for the rest of a man’s life. During the second growth phase, it is common.

The prostate gland presses against and pinches the urethra as it grows larger. As a result, the bladder’s wall thickens. As a result, the bladder may eventually weaken and lose its ability to empty, leaving some urine in the bladder. Urinary retention and urethral narrowing cause many problems associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia (the inability to empty the bladder).

What is the prostate?

The prostate gland is a walnut-shaped gland found in men’s reproductive systems. The prostate’s prime purpose is to produce a fluid that gets secreted into sperm. A man’s fertility depends on his prostate fluid. At the bladder’s neck, the urethra gets surrounded by the gland. The urethra connects to the bladder at the bladder neck. The bladder and urethra are sections of the lower urinary tract. The prostate is situated before the rectum, just beneath the bladder and has two or more lobes or areas enclosed by an outer layer of tissue. The urethra is a cylinder that conveys urine from the bladder to the outside of the body. In men, the urethra also transports sperm to the penis.

What causes benign prostatic hyperplasia?

The exact problem of benign prostatic hyperplasia is unknown; however, it is more common in older men. Men who had their testicles eliminated before pubescence are probably not going to foster this issue. As a result, some researchers believe that it is caused by factors related to ageing and the testicles.

Males and females produce hormones testosterone and estrogen throughout their lives. However, the amount of active testosterone in men’s blood decreases as they age, leaving a higher proportion of estrogen in their blood. According to scientific studies, benign prostatic hyperplasia occurs when the prostate’s estrogen level rises, stimulating the growth of prostate cells.

Another theory revolves around dihydrotestosterone (DHT), a male hormone that helps the prostate develop and grow. According to some studies, older men continue to produce and accumulate high levels of DHT in the prostate despite lower blood testosterone levels. This build-up of DHT may encourage prostate cells to proliferate. According to studies, men who do not produce DHT do not develop benign prostatic hyperplasia.

What are the risks of benign prostatic hyperplasia?

It can lead to a variety of complications.

  • acute urinary retention
  • chronic, or long-lasting, urinary retention
  • blood in the urine
  • urinary tract infections (UTIs)
  • bladder damage
  • kidney damage
  • bladder stones

These complications do not occur in the majority of men with benign prostatic hyperplasia. Kidney damage, in particular, poses a severe health risk when it happens.

Medical Tests

Although a health care provider may refer men to a urologist (a doctor specializing in urinary problems and the male reproductive system), the provider most often diagnosed benign prostatic hyperplasia based on symptoms, signs and a digital rectal exam. A urologist does medical tests to help diagnose and treat lower urinary tract problems caused by benign prostatic hyperplasia. Medical examinations may include
  • urinalysis
  • a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test
  • urodynamic tests
  • cystoscopy
  • transrectal ultrasound
  • biopsy

How is benign prostatic hyperplasia treated?

The following are some of the treatment options:

  • lifestyle changes
  • medications
  • minimally invasive procedures
  • surgery

The severity of symptoms, how much the traits affect a man’s daily life, and preferences affect how treated benign prostatic hyperplasia is treated.

Men with a mildly enlarged prostate may not require treatment unless their symptoms are bothersome and affect their quality of life. In these cases, a urologist may recommend regular checkups rather than a cure. However, a urologist will most likely recommend treatment if the symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia become bothersome or pose a health risk.

Eating, diet, and nutrition do not play a role in developing or preventing benign prostatic hyperplasia. Therefore, men should consult with a health care provider or a dietitian to determine the best diet. On the other hand, a health care provider can provide information on how changes in eating, diet, or nutrition may aid in treatment.


JACKSONPORT MEDICAL CLINIC is a leading health care provider dedicated to providing the best family and general medical care available. Our well-known and highly experienced physicians have been providing high-quality care to the community for over thirty years. We understand that our patients are unique people who look to their physicians for the comprehensive care they need to stay healthy.Our doctors provide acute, chronic, and preventative medical care to patients from all walks of life, advocating for health promotion and illness prevention while coordinating care with other specialties and health professionals. You can walk into Jacksonport Clinic in the event of an emergency and receive immediate professional medical care.You are welcome to reach out to Jacksonport Medical Clinic if you have any questions or would like to schedule an appointment.JMC medical team members are dedicated professionals who provide you and your entire family with accessible and responsive quality medical care. We have served the NE community for several decades.