Enlarged Prostate: Meaning, Signs, Causes, Risks, and Treatments
Enlarged prostate, also called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), has become a matter of concern among many men over the age of 50. Although some immediately see doctors to get this condition treated, others have no idea about it. As a reason, they fail to take timely measures.
We have decided to help those men! In this post, Jacksonport Medical Clinic – a leading provider of skin boosters services in Calgary – will tell you everything about an enlarged prostate. From meaning to symptoms and causes to treatments, we will cover it all!
Let’s start with the meaning first.
What is Enlarged Prostate?
An enlarged prostate is a common condition that affects men as they age. Known to be a type of benign prostatic hyperplasia called benign prostatic hypertrophy, it occurs when the prostate gland grows in size and begins to put pressure on the urethra, leading to a range of urinary symptoms.
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What Causes Enlarged Prostate?
Although the exact cause of enlarged prostate is still unknown, scientists believe that it is triggered by factors related to aging and the testicles. Men who had their testicles eliminated before pubescence are probably not going to foster this issue.
Both males and females generate hormones testosterone and estrogen throughout their lives. However, it was found that the amount of active testosterone in men’s blood decreases as they age, leaving a higher ratio of estrogen in their blood. These, as a result, stimulate the growth of prostate cells.
Some scientists also believe that enlarged prostate in men has a connection with dihydrotesterone (DHT). For those who don’t know, it is a hormone produced from testosterone primarily responsible for the development and growth of the prostate gland. Aging cause men’s bodies to produce higher levels of DHT.
This causes enlargement of the prostate and the development of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).
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What are the Signs of Enlarged Prostate?
The symptoms of an enlarged prostate can vary from person to person. Some common signs of BPH in men include:
- Frequent urination, especially at night (nocturia)
- Difficulty starting urination
- Weak or interrupted urine flow
- Urinary urgency or the sudden need to urinate
- Inability to completely empty the bladder
- Urinary tract infections
- Blood in the urine
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What are the Risks of Enlarged Prostate?
Benign Prostate Hyperplasia can lead to a variety of complications in men:
- Acute urinary retention
- Chronic or long-lasting urinary retention
- Blood in urine
- Damage in bladder
- Damage in kidneys
- Bladder stones
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What are Treatments for Enlarged Prostate?
There are several treatments available for fixing an enlarged prostate in men. However, the choice of these will depend on the severity of symptoms, the size of prostate, and overall health of the individual.
The following are some known treatments:
- Prescription medications (alpha-blockers or 5-alpha reductase inhibitors)
- Minimally invasive procedures (TUMT, TUNA, or laser therapy)
- Surgery (TURP or prostatectomy)
- Lifestyle changes
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Above is everything you needed to know about enlarged prostate in men. This condition can cause significant discomfort and disrupt your daily life. However, by taking timely measures, one can manage enlarged prostate and maintain optimal health.
Jacksonport has been offering a range of personalized treatment options for men with an enlarged prostate for more than 30 years. We are committed to providing compassionate care and support to help patients manage their condition effectively and improve their quality of life.
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